Inflammation of the maxillary sinus is very common childhood disease. So it is critical to know how to cure sinus infection in kids. But initially, it is necessary to identify the origin of the disease since different causes require different treatment.
Sinus infection - it is a disease resulting from inflammation of nasal mucous membrane and paranasal sinuses.
This condition occurs not only in adults. According to medical statistics, sinus infection in children has recently quickened noticeably. In recent years, the frequency of lesions of the nose and paranasal sinuses in children is 28-30% of all upper respiratory tract diseases.
According to experts in the US, the quality of life with this disease is reduced greater than in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or coronary heart disease.
This is due to environmental degradation, as well as the fact that treatment of colds not always performed correctly.
What is the sinusitis in children?
How to tell if your kid has a sinus infection?
Sinusitis usually occurs in children over seven - ten days after the onset of colds. Thus sinus infection symptoms in children have a close relationship to the initial infection:
- Stuffiness in nose become more pronounced and brings significant discomfort;
- The child will change the tone of voice. The kid speaks through one's nose;
- From the nose flows the thick and white, yellow, green and sometimes brownish discharge;
- Headache - which is returned after taking analgesics, a characteristic feature of emerging diseases;
- Soreness in the facial area, a feeling of heaviness in the cheeks and above the eyebrows;
- The unpleasant taste because the infected mucus runs down the nose and throat into the mouth;
- Changing or loss the sense of smell.
Types of sinusitis in children
Sinus infection in kids has different kinds. This is because the children sinuses develop gradually with age.
Besides, experts distinguish catarrhal and purulent stage of the disease in children. Catarrhal sinusitis manifests acute swelling of nasal mucosa, without discharge from the nose.
The purulent variety of diseases characterized by the accumulation of pus in the nasal sinuses, the deterioration of the child and the addition of a severe headache.
Kid age and sinus infection
The child may develop acute sinusitis at the age of 1.5-2 years. Inflammation of the ethmoid sinus (ethmoiditis) can be in children under the age of 1 year;
Inflammation of frontal sinus and the main sinus (sphenoiditis) in children is less common; frontal sinusitis - at the age of 5 years, sphenoiditis - at 10 years.
Also, sinus infection divided into an acute, subacute and chronic stage.
The severity of symptoms and deterioration of health characterizes it. It is in the acute stage of the patient's temperature rises rapidly, decreased the sense of smell.
This is an acute advanced stage at which changes fiber mucosa. A worsening of symptoms characterizes chronic sinusitis after provoking factor (most often - hypothermia or stay in the draft). In chronic sinusitis, a sick child is concerned:
- Constantly stuffy nose;
- The disordered sense of smell (often these kids just do not feel the smells).
The causes of sinus infection in children
Acute sinusitis is most often in children as a complication of viral infection (70-80%) or bacterial infection.
You should know that sinus infection can be caused by intracellular parasites such as chlamydia and mycoplasma, especially in children under three years old. In recent years, increased frequency of fungal sinusitis. Most often are guilty fungi of the genus Candida. But it is possible to defeat by other fungi of the genus Aspergillus or Penicillium
The main factors that increase the chance of the disease
- Some anatomical features of the nasal structures. It impedes the free outflow of pus. First of all, such features include the deviated septum;
- Narrow nasal passages;
- Chronic diseases, which reduce the overall resistance of the organism;
- Unsuccessful dental procedures. The result of which is getting infections in the nasal cavity;
- Getting foreign bodies in the nasal passages (e.g., small toys);
Treatment of sinusitis in children
If the sinusitis symptoms in a child are not critical (not very concerned) and the temperature is below 38 ºC (100,4 ºF), it is usually doctor prescribes medications that relieve swelling and reduce pain in the sinuses.
Among medicaments effective in sinusitis in kids, should be named:
Vasoconstrictive drops and sprays.
For children, a good choice would phenylephrine drops.
Nasal sprays with antibiotics.
For a small child penicillins are the safest. But it is important to consider that children receiving antibiotics should be carried out under the strict supervision of a pediatrician.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
This is standard aspirin and paracetamol. They need to relieve the painful symptoms and reduce the temperature.
Mucolytic drugs needed to liquefy the contents of the sinuses. They will reduce the viscosity of the mucus which stagnates in the sinuses and facilitates its discharge of.
Complex herbal supplements
This is drugs with immunomodulating, mucolytic and anti-inflammatory action. Such agents include a variety of medicinal herbs.
Sinus rinse for kids
As a non-drug treatment at home is used nasal lavage (try Navage for sinus irrigation). To do this, use saline or disinfecting solution.
The dry heat can be used as a means for warming. But not in all cases it can be done. If there is fever, pus discharge or severe pain, it is better to abandon the warming.
In other cases, it is most convenient to use a heating sinus mask or special pillow.
Not everyone knows what to do and how to treat the child if he has sinusitis. Sometimes this leads to the neglect of the disease. In such cases, the doctor has to make a puncture of the sinuses. Such puncture is used only in extreme cases: when the pus accumulates in the nasal cavity and is not observed outflow of mucus.
Moreover, the cause of inflammation may be the deviated septum.
In these cases, it is impossible to treat the child with therapeutic methods, and have to apply surgery.